ON THE LAST SECTION QUR`AN
Chapter 112: Surat Al-Ikhlās
the name of Allah,
the Beneficent, the Merciful
'Alī ibn Abī Tālib
had said that there is no interpretation for this chapter because
its meaning is clear and not veiled. Imām Hasan and Imam Husayn
were asked to comment on it, and each one gave a different
interpretation of some of the words. There is very little we can say
about this chapter, although there has been much said and written
During one of the
battles the odds were overwhelmingly against 'Alī ibn Abī Tālib,
yet everything went smoothly for him. When the people who had fought
next to him were asked what had happened, they replied that all he
did was recite Qul huwā Allāh ahad (Say: He, Allah, is
Say: He, Allah, is One.
This is an injunction
upon us to say it, whether we know the truth of it or not. Whatever
the degree of knowledge we may possess, He, Allah, is One.
Allah, the Eternal
Refuge of all.
The Divine Name al-Samad
means 'eternal, forever', although it implies more than that.
Samada means 'to be high or elevated'. The name al-Samad
also means 'self-supporting, self-sustaining, self-containing'.
He begets not, nor is He
The meaning of this
verse is very clear. Allah is above involvement. He is above coming
from something or having something come from Him, and nothing can be
associated with Him. He is at a distance from all that we can
discern as having an attribute. He is the immediate and sustaining
Cause of all that we discern, yet He is not involved in the creation
in any way as a 'creature'.
And like Him there is
'equal, like', is derived from kafā, 'to be enough,
sufficient'. Allah is sufficient unto Himself. There is no mithāl
(likeness) of Allah. Allah is the Name to which all Attributes and
Nothing more can be said
about this chapter. We must read and re-read it, and the more we do
so the deeper will our understanding grow.
End of the Surah