AFRICAN MUSLIMS IN AMERICA – The Paper
This paper was delivered
during the First Conference of the Ahle Baite, held in Tehran Iran
This paper was originally
written in 1967 as a Sociology term paper while I was enrolled as a
student at The Borough of Manhattan Community College and was
originally titled Black Muslims in America 1500-1900?
It has been rewritten
several times. The first revision came about as a result of an
invitation to attend the First Conference of The Ahle Baite, which
took place in Tehran, Iran in 1990. The second revision came about
at the request of an old friend Professor Charlotte (Charshee)
McIntyre, PhD, now deceased. And the third revision came about at
the suggestion of Sheikh Rashid Hassan, PhD, Anthropologist and BBC
(Somali) News Broadcaster.
A vintage pre-Civil War
Abolitionist article, circa: 1815 was added as an appendix. It will
not be included in this version that has been specially prepared for
website. It may however be included in the near future.
This paper was
dedicated to the memory of Rabindranath Tagore, the Bengali National
Poet, Musician, Philosopher and Educator (1861-1941). Author
GITANJALI (Song Offerings) in 1913. For which he (the first
non-European) won the Nobel Prize in 1913.