Concepts – Tawheed, Shirk, Islam
December 26, 1999
The term is
derived from the three consonants root w-h-d, which serves as
the vehicle for the basic concept of ‘oneness,’ or ‘unity,” along
with the closely related ideas of ‘singularity’ and ‘uniqueness.’
These root letters are clearly apparent in the numerical adjective
wahid [one]. In the words of the Qur`an:
God is surely One. (37:4) inna Ilaaha-kum-la-Wahid
Tawheed demands a lengthier translation, namely: “the
realization-and-affirmation-of-Oneness. The Unity of God, the Divine
Unity, Unity in its most profound sense. Allah is The Real, The
Absolute. Allah is One in His Essence, His Attributes and His Acts.
Before the existence of the universe there was nothing but The
declares that “Nothing is like Him” (42:11). Allah is omniscient and
all-powerful. All of Allah’s attributes belong to Him exclusively.
He is the first and there is no last but His oneness. He is the
First without anything before Him. He is the Last without anything
after Him. The end is with Him alone, and He is the End. He is
All-Existing: with him there is no end. Allah is now as He was
before. He is Eternal.
be viewed from the perspectives of:
– Unity of Lordship
Uluhiyah – Unity of Worship
Asma wa Sifaat – Unity of His Names
and His Attributes and
Itabaa – Unity in the following the
Prophet Muhammad (PBUH)
undoubtedly is the central theme and message of the Qur`an, the Book
of Allah and it is repeated in many other verses.
The Arabs in Mecca
and later the Jews in Medina inquired from Allah’s Rasul (SAW), who
is Allah? Allah revealed in Surah Ikhlas (S112) as follows:
In the name
Of Allah, The most Gracious, The Most Merciful.
Allah The Everlasting, The Eternal,
He has not given birth and was not born,
And no one is comparable to Him
In another verse,
S 24:35, an image of spiritual discernment of Allah is mentioned,
the Light of the heavens and the earth……….. Light upon Light!
And Allah guides to His Light whom He will.
confirm the Unitary belief, which is the mainspring of Islam and the
core of The Qur`an.
Further, only in
total acquiescence in Allah’s good pleasure, renunciation of one’s
own will, and surrender to His will and guidance is Tawheed
made perfect. Allah’s absolute unity is the beginning and the end of
the spiritual life for Muslims.
The Unity of Allah
is a magnificent and a beautiful concept, and Muslims reaffirm their
adherence to it many times a day. To acknowledge the fact of the
“affirmation-of-Oneness” renew your faith by frequent invocation of
“La ilaha illa llah” [there is non worthy of worship
accept Allah] will be the means to eradicate Shirk
It is a powerful
and effective concept for focusing and organising one’s worldview
and epitomising a religious and psychological orientation and
authentically expressive of an important facet of the spirit of
The opposite of
Tawhid is expressed by the Arabic term
derived from the root Sh-r-k which conveys the notion of
“sharing” or “partnerships.” The word Sharik (plural
shurakaa) means “partner” or “associate.” It encompasses far
more than the more blatant forms of idolatry and denial of Allah’s
Unity. The term Shirk means associating partners with Allah,
and the related term mushrik is applied to someone guilty of
such polytheistic association.
– invoking or supplicating to a false deity besides Allah.
wa Iraada wal Qasd
– having the intention and determination to deliberately worship a
deity other then Allah.
– obeying any created being against the command of Allah.
– loving a created being or an object more than Allah.
means the hidden, or covert, association of partners with Allah, the
One and Only God. This is an insidious form of
of Shirk as:
rea – carrying out religious acts for worldly gain, e.g. showing
Tasmee – swearing by other then Allah.
Allah says in
the Noble Qur`an that Shirk is the greatest sin. (S 31: 14)
He also says
that He will forgive all other sins if He wishes, except Shirk
(S 4: 49)
understand the term Shirk (polytheism) and be conceptually
and practically clear that it is diametrically opposed to,
Tawheed, the affirmation to the Oneness of Allah.
January 1, 2000
Islam is an Arabic
word and its means ‘peace’ and submission. Peace from the root word
Allah says in
the Qur`an: ‘The only religion approved by Allah is Submission….
(S 3: 19)
the divine will and guidance of the One Creator Allah (SWT).
Islam connotes total obedience and surrender of the entire creation
that obeys the law of Allah.
universe, therefore, literally follows the way of Islam.
submission to the divine will and guidance of Allah, finds Peace in
His Creator, peace within himself and peace with Allah’s creation.
of Islam is grasped in a Hadith Qudsi, which explains the
essence of the ‘divine’ plan. Allah says that He was a hidden
treasure and wished to be known thus; He created Man and Jinn purely
to worship Him. A clear understanding of this Hadith is the basis
for all creation, which is love, obedience and worship of Allah.
Allah is the
one God. He has no partner. He is All Powerful, Absolutely Just. He
is The First, The Last and The Everlasting, He was when nothing was,
and will be when nothing remains. He only grants life and knows what
is in the Heavens and the earth. He knows what is in our hearts and
listens to the entire creation. He sent all the prophets to guide
man to Worship only Him.
Islam is the
religion of Allah, which permeates peace:
Islam simply means Peace.
accepts and follows the way of Islam is known as a Muslim. Muslim is
an adjective to Islam, which means Peaceful and one who submits to
the divine, will and guidance to no other god (ilah) accept
One of Allah’s
name is As – Salaam which means Peace.
by His creation is Ya – Salaam which affects and enables one
to inculcate a character of Peace.
greeting of Muslims and Angels are Peace be upon everyone.
Islam is a
religion of Unity, which is in the affirmation of the Oneness of
Allah; a Unity, which is a consistent message in the worship of
Allah, forms the origin of creation.
Islam enjoys a
unique distinction that it is not a product of a human mind. It’s
message and meaning, that whosoever submits to the One Creator and
follows the divine order of creation, recognising and submitting to
His guidance and divine will, are Muslims. It’s a way from the
beginning of creation to the end of the divine plan.
Islam is the
natural religion of man, the way of nature; it is not associate with
any one person, people, period or place. All Allah knowing and truth
loving Men have believed and lived this religion. They were all
Muslims as all the prophets from Adam to Nuh to Ibrahim to Musa to
Essa to Muhammad on all be Peace were Muslims.
All Man, like
all creatures are born Muslims and invariably obey the injunctions
of Allah and Men is further bound as everything in creation to
remain a Muslim.